Day Year    Historical dates of Cuba in the month of December
1 1958 Signing of El Pedrero Covenant between the M-26-7 (July 26 Movement) and the Revolutionary Directory 13 de Marzo (March 13) in Escambray Mountain Range. Both organizations made an appeal for the unity of the revolutionary forces in the former province of Las Villas, signed by Che Guevara and Faure Chaumon.
2 1873 Maximo Gomez successfully waged the battle of Palo Seco, in Camagüey.
1956 Landing of Granma Yacht.
1959 Establishment of the Day of the Revolutionary Armed Forces (FAR).
1958 Student Fulgencio Oroz was arrested and disappeared thereafter.
3 1833 Birth in Camagüey of scientist Carlos J. Finlay, who discovered the infecting agent of the yellow fever.
5 1956 Granma expeditionaries fought the battle of Alegria de Pio.
7 1896 Death in battle of Lieutenant General Antonio Maceo and his assistant Francisco Gomez Toro, Panchito. Day of the martyrs of our Independence Wars. In 1989 it was established as a Day of Tribute to our combatants killed in internationalist missions.
1993 Foundation of the Association of Combatants of the Cuban Revolution (ACRC).
9 1931 Birth in Artemisa of Ciro Redondo, assailant of Moncada Garrison and Granma expeditionary. He was killed in the battle of Marverde.
10 1898 Signing of Paris Treaty. The Yankees ignored the Cubans and also seized Puerto Rico, Guam and The Philippines.
11 1898 Death of Major General Calixto Garcia Iñiguez
1957 Murder of student Renato Recio.
13 1957 Fidel sent a letter where the M-26-7 rejected the Miami Pact, subscribed by most of the parties that opposed Fulgencio Batista.
14 1911 Birth in Encrucijada, Las Villas, of Jesus Menendez Larrondo, union leader of sugar industry workers.
15 1895 Battle of Mal Tiempo, successfully led by Maximo Gomez and Antonio Maceo.
1956 Murder of Juan Manuel Marquez, second in command of the Granma Yacht expeditionaries.
17 1975 The first Congress of Cuban Communist Party (PCC) was opened in the “Karl Marx” theater.
18 1958 Fidel and Raul met in Jiguani to start the 4th stage of the offensive in the II Eastern Front.
19 1936 Death in battle in Spain of Cuban Pablo de la Torriente Brau, internationalist revolutionary.
20 1899 Birth in Alquizar, the present Havana Province, of Ruben Martinez Villena, outstanding intellectual and revolutionary.
21 1830 Birth of Bartolome Maso, General of the Liberation Army.
22 1961 Cuba declared Territory Free of Illiteracy. Educator’s Day.
23 1841 Birth of Major General Ignacio Agramonte, El Mayor.
1956 From this day to the 26th, many revolutionaries and communist militants were slain in the North-East of the country. These events are sadly remembered as the Bloody Easter.
24 1992 Death of Commander Faustino Perez Hernandez.
26 1665 Sancti Spiritus City looted by pirate Pierre Le Grand.
27 1868 Carlos Manuel de Cespedes signed the Decree in Arms for the abolition of slavery.
29 1895 Battle of Coliseo, Matanzas. Maximo Gomez and Antonio Maceo defeated Spanish General Arsenio Martinez Campos.
30 1958 Death in the battle of Santa Clara of Roberto Rodriguez Fernandez, El Vaquerito, chief of the suicidal platoon of Column No.8 Ciro Redondo.
1977 Fidel Castro spoke at the inauguration ceremony of Havana-Santa Clara railroad fast track.
31 1958 The town of Yaguajay was taken by troops led by Camilo Cienfuegos. The city of Santa Clara was also taken by forces under Che Guevara’s command.
1960 First large mobilization of Revolutionary Armed Forces after the triumph of the Revolution. A general mobilization was decreed in light of a threat of US invasion.
1945 Foundation of the Women’s International Democratic Federation (WIDF in Spanish).
1824 Battle of Ayacucho, end of Spanish rule in Peru.
(Translated by: Pedro A. Fanego)


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