Day Year    Historical dates of Cuba in the month of June
1 1834 Inauguration of the authoritarian government of Miguel Tacon.
2 1912 Death in Buenos Aires of Cuban fiddler Claudio Jose Brindis de Salas.
3 1805 Foundation of the village of Mariel.
6 1762 Arrival of British fleet to Havana.
1961 Foundation of the Ministry of Interior.
7 1762 British troops landed at Cojimar.
1812 Birth of the father of Cuban bibliography, Antonio Bachiller y Morales.
9 1955 Revolutionary Jorge Agostini murdered by the tyranny.
10 1896 Victory of the Mambi (Liberation) Army in the battle of Saratoga.
11 1798 Revolt of slaves in the department of Puerto Principe (Camagüey).
12 1766 An earthquake caused heavy damages in Santiago de Cuba.
1901 The United States imposed the Platt Amendment to Cuba.
13 1910 Death of Fermin Valdes Dominguez, Jose Marti’s best friend.
14 1845 Birth of Major General Antonio Maceo. In a historical coincidence, the Heroic Guerrilla Fighter, Commander Ernesto Che Guevara, was born the same day in 1928.
1907 Death of patriot Bartolome Maso.
15 1958 Tyrant Batista’s thugs murdered the Giralt sisters.
1966 Death of poet Manuel Navarro Luna.
16 1959 Foundation of Prensa Latina News Agency.
17 1905 Death of Major General Maximo Gomez.
18 1617 Sugar production increased in Santiago de Cuba.
1926 Death of the pioneer of Cuban Marxist movement Carlos Baliño, symbol of the direct link between the Cuban Revolutionary Party and the first Cuban Communist Party. This patriot was a founder of both.
1959 Commander Ernesto Che Guevara is acclaimed Great Liberator of the Oppressed in the United Arab Republic, where he had arrived two days before.
1960 Che Guevara’s conference in TV program Cuba Avanza, where he tackled the working class’ stance and concerns on the industrialization of the country.
19 1896 The Liberation Army fought the battle of Lomas de Tapia.
1907 Death in Havana of Mrs. Leonor Perez, Jose Marti’s mother.
20 1819 Birth in Matanzas of writer Antonio Guiteras y Font, who made a free verse translation of the first 4 books of Eneida, which was highly acclaimed by Cuban and foreign critics.
1874 Maximo Gomez, Commander in Chief of the Liberation Army handed over the command of the First Division of Camagüey to brigadier Henry Reeve, The Englishman. This internationalist warrior, born in the United States, fell in battle for the Cuban cause in the summer of 1876. With dexterity and boldness, he led his troops across the former Las Villas Province and stopped only a few miles from Matanzas.
1898 US Navy besieged Santiago de Cuba harbor.
1959 In light of the increasing terrorist actions, the Revolutionary Government established the death penalty for counterrevolutionary crimes.
1959 During his official visit to the United Arab Republic (today Egypt and Syria) Commander Ernesto Che Guevara went to the city of Alexandria. He visited the Port Said monument to the martyrs of the British-French-Israeli invasion in 1956.
21 1791 Great storms devastate the Western region.
1845 Morro lighthouse in Havana completed.
1959 Commander in Chief Fidel Castro spoke to the peasants in the eastern region of Baracoa and exhorted them to organize armed patrols. He said: “I would like to know if they would dare going to those mountains to fight against our peasants, where they know every brook, every river, every plain, every trail, every cliff and every stone.” In the afternoon, he spoke to a crowd at the “Leoncio Vidal” Park in Santa Clara, where he said: “The Cuban people can quote those seraphic lines: “If we die, what is life? We already considered it lost as we bravely shook the slave’s yoke off.”
22 1862 Death of educator and philosopher Jose de la Luz y Caballero.
1898 Yankee troops landed in Daiquiri, Oriente.
23 1817 Suppression of tobacco factories.
1821 Birth in Bayamo of patriot Francisco Vicente Aguilera, one of the organizers of the 1868 war.
1861 Inauguration of Cuban railroad first stretch, from Havana to Bejucal.
1958 Murder of revolutionary Eduardo Garcia Lavandero.
1959 Fidel appeared in Camagüey TV station to explain why the INRA (National Institute of Land Reform) had confiscated cattle farms larger than 1 340 hectares in that province, in light of the conspiracies to hinder the development of the Land Reform. The Commander in Chief warned: “Under the Revolution’s government, they will no longer have their way. Their selfish interests will not prevail over the nation’s best interests anymore.”
1961 In the first round of conferences to train the Ministry of Industries staff in the drafting of economic plans, Commander Ernesto Guevara said “...a new age of Cuban history has begun. In general terms, the task of demolishing the structure of the previous government is over and we must begin revolutionary creation.” He stressed that: “… a revolution cannot consolidate and move on unless it builds upon its economic achievements.”
24 1806 Birth in Santiago de Cuba of scholar Juan Bautista Sagarra y Blez. He founded the Patriotic Society of his hometown and wrote several works on economy and agriculture.
1821 Death in the battle of Carabobo, Colombia, of Jose Manuel Cedeño. The internationalist fighter from Bayamo reached the rank of General in Simon Bolivar’s armies.
1845 Birth of Jesus Rabi, a patriot that fought side by side with Antonio Maceo, whose real name was Jesus Sablon Moreno.
1898 US troops landed in Siboney. An outrageous incident happened. When the Yankees occupied Demetrio Castillo Duany’s headquarters, they lowered the Cuban flag and hoisted US flag.
1959 During his stay in the United Arab Republic (today’s Egypt) Commander Ernesto Guevara met Salah Salem, an outstanding personality of the nationalist movement of that country. Che explained to his host that US News Agencies conspired to distort the truth of world events and prevent the peoples from knowing each other.
1960 Fidel said on radio and TV that US political decisions were more prone to err than to draw lessons from history. They seemed to cling to their mistakes and be willing to die with them. The Commander in Chief remarked that US rulers had more to loose than the Cuban Revolution, because moral defeats cannot be measured in dollars. Fidel stressed that the Revolution would move on, in spite of all the aggressions and then the moral defeat of US policies will be even greater.
1979 Santiago de Cuba is proclaimed National Monument.
25 1524 Death in Santiago de Cuba of Spanish conqueror Diego Velazquez.
1653 Beginning of slave trade in the Island.
26 1958 Death of Granma expeditionary Pedro Soto Alba in the assault to Moa Garrison.
27 1760 Havana Royal Trade Company decreed absolute monopoly on tobacco trade.
28 1515 Foundation of Santiago de Cuba.
1844 Poet Gabriel de la Concepcion Valdes (Placido) executed by a fire squad.
1960 The revolutionary government confiscated the assets in Cuba of TEXACO Oil Company.
29 1856 Flight in a balloon of Matias Perez, the so-called “King of the Sunshades.”
1960 Expropriation of US Oil Refinery TEXACO, because it refused to comply with the Revolutionary Government’s order of refining State fuel. The order had been signed the night before by the Prime Minister through Resolution 188.
1912 Birth in en Cienfuegos of singer Paulina Alvarez, the Empress of Danzonete.
1961 US Government banned the sales of salad and cooking oils and fat, which Cuba regularly bought from that country.
1971 Commander in Chief Fidel Castro inaugurated the “June 14” boarding high school. It was the first to open in today’s Island of Youth.
1977 The Executive Committee of the Council of Ministers founded the Center of “Jose Marti” Studies.
30 1840 Birth in Havana of academician and song-writer Lorenzo Carriazo.
1889 Birth in San Antonio de los Baños of Emilio Rodríguez Lara, one of the founders of the first Cuban Communist Party and the Cuban Workers National Confederation (CNOC in Spanish).
1957 Murder in Santiago de Cuba of revolutionary underground fighters Josue Pais, Floro Vistel and Salvador Pascual.
1960 A US Navy carrier sailed the waters off Santiago de Cuba Morro Castle. Two fighters from the carrier provocatively overflew the bay and the former US Oil Refinery TEXACO. That industry had been expropriated the day before when it refused to comply with the order of the Revolutionary Government to refine for the State. That night, Commander in Chief Fidel Castro signed two resolutions with the same demand for Oil Refineries ESSO (US) and Shell (British).
1960 The Revolutionary Government authorized one million pesos for the victims of an earthquake in Chile.
1974 Beginning in Matanzas of first trial elections for the local bodies of People’s Power. The system was subsequently enacted in the rest of the country.
Note: Father’s Day celebrated the third Sunday of this month.
(Translated by: Pedro A. Fanego)


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