The death toll increased to 90 people dead as a consequence of the intense rains in Peru. The last storm has left up to 20 missing people, 347 wounded ones, nearly 120.000 victims and 742.00 affected ones, according to the local Minister of Defense, Jorge Nieto.
The Macroconsult consultancy estimates that the losses in terms of infrastructure reach the 3.000 million dollars. The economic impact will lead to the slowing down of the local economics.
The worst urban floods have occurred in Piura, Chulucanas, Morropón, Paita and Sechura in the north. The most intense rains took place in La Libertad and Cajamarca mountain rains and in the high zones named as Huancavelica, Junín and Ayacucho in the center of that nation.
The NASA satellites for the raining monitoring analyzed the magnitude of the storms. The raining average parameters reached the 137 millimeters an hour, so they were considered as extremes ones.
The National Weather and Hydrologic service (Senhami) of Peru foretells that the arrival of the anti hurricane system from the South Pacific with cold winds has started to reduce the sea´s temperature into two grades. Nelson Quispe, who is its director, expects that low temperature could be more consistent in the first or second week of April which will reduce the rains.
As for the Peruvian president, Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, the reconstruction works should include the resettlement of the victims to safe zones.
“We should be ready for the next 50 years, starting today to face that problem. What are we going to do? We are going to give the Peruvians the chance to live in higher places.”
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski added that it is necessary to face the local traffickers of sites by selling some spaces located in risky zones, before the passiveness of the municipal authorities.
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski talked about Ecuador as an example of prevention when he said:
“It is nation where rains all the year and it is a good example to be followed. The rivers must have walls; the bridges should have enough pillars so that they could be anchored properly. Those are elementary things which we should begin doing now or and in the next months at a necessary speed.”
The National Institute of the Civil Defense of Peru (Indeci) registers over 13.000 houses destroyed and nearly 14.500 non inhabitable ones.
A great part of the national net of roads remain impassable and there are some rivers which have increased their volume of flow like the Piura river or the Amazonas one which were declared in red warning.
The Rímac River, which crosses Lima city, was declared in yellow warning. The Peruvian government has transported more than a million tons of humanitarian aid. Moreover, the government has kept 400 million dollars to mitigate the natural disasters caused by the floods and designed the first Minister, Fernandez Zavala, as the person responsible for the reconstruction.
Meanwhile, the Peruvian president, Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, said that they have the necessary resources for the reconstruction and warned that what it is happening in Peru is the prelude of what will be happening in the world as a consequence of the global warning.
“What is happening in Peru is just the prelude of what will be happing in Miami, New York and Asia with the oceans which are increasing their level, the rains, and hurricanes and so on. This is a global problem and Peru is an experiment. We all have to work to together.” He said.
There have been many humanitarian aids shipments which have got there from nations such as Ecuador, Colombia, Chile, Panama, Bolivia, Canada, the United States, China and Venezuela, respectively.
The Macroconsult consultancy Report
“As we have said, it is estimated that the losses of El Niño coastal weather phenomenon reaches the 3.124 million dollars or 1.6% of the Peruvian Gross Domestic Product due to the reported damages of roads and houses.”The Macroconsult consultancy announced.
Due to that reason, the Peruvian government reduced the projection of its annual grow from 4.3 % to 3.5 %, while the same study estimates that related growing of that nation will decrease from 3.4% to 2.9 %, respectively.
“That impact is bigger in the agriculture due to the loss of local hectares and in the Mining as a consequence of the interruption of its Central railway and the roads and some non-primary sectors such as the manufacture, trade, transportation and other sectors which are affected for the interruption of the related activities.”
By Ana Teresa Badía