There are still some minutes being processed from the Presidential elections in Ecuador and the local candidate, Lenin Moreno of the Alianza País Party, obtained a 39.11 % before a 28.27 % of the right-winger Guillermo Lasso.
To avoid a second electoral period, would have to get the 40% of the votes and a near 10% of difference in relation to his rival.
Almost all the presidential elections of the Latin American nation, has been defined in the second electoral period, except the one which took place on April 26th, 2009 and the other one on February 17th, 2013 when Rafael Correa won the first electoral period.
Moreover, if there was a second one, it would be carried out on April 2nd.
Referendum on Tax Havens
It was carried out a simultaneous referendum about the tax heavens and the question was the following one: Do you agree about establishing the prohibition for any public official from having goods or capitals of any kind inside tax heavens?
With the 25.2 % of the votes counted, the local Sí (Yes) option has obtained the 54.91% before a 45.08 % of the No option.
The promoter of that electoral proposal was the president Rafael Correa who has pointed out the need about giving the chance to the local population about deciding if any public official could carry out their work by having goods in tax heavens.
Last year, a research carried out by the International Consortium of Investigation Journalist, caused a great international stir for having filtered information of the Mossack Fonseca enterprise which includes some 600 people with allegedly links with tax
Guillermo Lasso, who is the director and president of the Pamplona S.A. enterprise and former candidate to the presidency that is based in Panama, is one of the involved ones, according to the Opencorporates.com webpage. The enterprise was created on October 2013 and Carlos Lasso Mendoza, who is the brother of the former banker. That enterprise in run by the Sucre, Arias and Reyes lawyers ‘office.
The tax evasion in Latin America reaches the $ 340.000 million dollars which could be used for its development is they were played.
If just a fraction from the taxes about the hidden money were paid, there would be some 32 million people who could stop being poor. That would means all the poor people from Bolivia, Colombia, El Salvador, Peru and Ecuador, respectively.
Who were the presidential candidates?
Lenín Moreno (Movimiento Alianza PAIS) party
Guillermo Lasso (Alianza Creo-Suma ) party
Paco Moncayo (Acuerdo por el Cambio) party
Cynthia Viteri (Alianza Social Cristiano ) party and Madera de Guerrero one
Dalo Bucaram (Fuerza Ecuador) party
Washington Pesántez (Movimiento Unión Ecuatoriana) party
Iván Espinel (Movimiento Fuerza Compromiso Social) party
Patricia Zuquilanda (21 de enero Sociedad Patriótica) party
The electoral law from Ecuador also establishes the compulsory vote for the adults over 18 years old and that is why there are some sanctions for those ones who do not attend to the polls.
There is a fine of $ 10 of the basic salary: $ 37.5 dollars for having not used the right to vote and $ 8.00 additional dollars due to the local vote certificate.
As it is a compulsory aspect, it also includes the people who are imprison; hence. A new day for voting will be carried out for the local Ecuadorian 10.233 citizens in that situation.
Other related Data
There were 3.793 candidates, among main ones and supply ones, who participated and there are 18 of them who are binomial presidential candidates, 165 for the Andean Parliament, 450 national assembly members abroad and 3.030 ones representing the assembly members of which there are 46.66% women and 53.64 % who are men.
The voting was carried out, along with the presidential elections, the legislative and section ones and the popular referendum to which there have been two more occasions for Manabí on September 2000 when it was about its autonomy, including the one in which was decided that Manga del Cura belonged to that province.
The referendum carried out on January 15th, 1978 was aimed at achieving the approval of the constituents through two options to vote: the one from 1979 and the reformed ones from 1945.
With that referendum, it was secured the return of the democracy and it was then called for presidential and section elections to be held on June 16th, 1978 and the second round to elect the president and the legislators on April 29th, 1979. Jaime Roldós Aguilera, won, however, he died in a plane crash on May 24, 1981.
There were eight local presidents who have been elected in the pools:Jaime Roldós, León Febres Cordero, Rodrigo Borja, Sixto Durán Ballén, Abdalá Buracam, Jamil Mahuad, Lucio Gutiérrez and Rafael Correa (three times).
There were other five people who assumed the presidency: Osvaldo Hurtado due to Jaime Roldós´death and as a consequence of the overthrow of the presidents Rosalía Arteaga and Fabián Alarcón (Buxaram), Gustavo Noboa (Mahuad) and Alfredo Palacio (Gutiérrez).
There are 12438. 406 citizens in that nation and 378.292 Ecuadorian ones who live abroad and were voting to elect that republic´s president and vice-president, 5 representatives to the Andean parliament and 137 representatives to the National Assembly. There are 15 ones of them to be chosen as local representatives and 6 ones of them to be chosen through a special electoral district abroad for a 4-year period.
By Ana Teresa Badía