Up to 2.3 million people, nearly 40 % of the local population with the right to vote, participated in the election that as considered as illegal by the Spanish government and its Constitutional Court.
According to the numbers, the 90% voted for the independence of Catalonia.
There is certain uncertainty about the future of that referendum and the political status of that autonomous region.
Although the result of the vote had not a binding result due to it was considered as unconstitutional, the Catalans authorities pointed out that through the victory of the Yes option, it would be declared its dependence unilaterally in the upcoming days.
The president of the Catalan government, Carles Puig Demont, said that after the triumph of the Yes option, those results would be taken to the Parliament of Catalonia so that they could be implemented.
“With this day of hope and suffering, the citizens of Catalonia have won the right to have an independent state that could become a republic.” Carles Puig demont said.
The BBC news agency confirmed that according to the law about the referendum, which was cancelled by the Constitutional Court of Spain, the Catalans authorities should present the results before an ordinary session in the following two days to the announcement of the official results by the local Electoral Sindicadura section.
There are some social institutions from Catalonia who announced the call for the general strike in support to the claim about an independent Catalan republic.
During the day of the referendum, there were around 800 people who were wounded.
One of the hardest legal tools which the Spanish government might apply is the article number 155 of the Constitution that has not been used by any government to date.
It allows the Spanish government, having been first authorized by the senate, to apply the necessary measures to force an autonomous community to fulfill the law if it did not meet the responsibilities of the constitution or it was forced by other laws, acted against the general interest of Spain.
According to some experts, its use could mean the temporary cancellation by the central government of some of all the related legal possibilities of an autonomous community.
In previous statements to the referendum, the assistant secretary of Communication of the local Partido Popular (Popular Party), Pablo Casado, he stated that the president of the Spanish government, Mariano Rajoy, did not like the application of legal mechanisms like the article number 155 as it would show that that community had got too far.”
Even though, he stated that if the Catalan authorities kept that ´suicidal procedure, ´ then they would obtain the corresponding answer from the law.
“The Partido Socialista Obrero Español (Spanish Worker) that is the main opposition party requested the Spanish government a dialogue with the Catalan government.”
“We request the government to begin a political negotiation process with the Catalan government.” Pedro Sánchez, who is the leader of that party, said.
If there was a dialogue, there could be a constitutional reform which might deepen the federalism, more prerogatives for the autonomies or even the creation of a future and scheduled referendum.
That day, Mariano Rajoy is beginning a series of contacts with other political parties to talk about the response which has been considered as the highest political crisis of that nation in decades.
In an article written on the Guardian newspaper, the mayoress from Barcelona city, Ada Colau, called the European Commission to open a related space for a negotiation among the government from Spain and the Catalan one.
The European Union, on its part, considers the theme about Catalonia as an internal issue of Spain.
The economic Impact of Catalonia
Catalonia represents almost a fifth part of the Spanish economics and it surpasses all the regions as it produces the 25% of that nation´s exportations.
It also contributes much more in terms of taxes. The 21% of the total of that nation that is also received by the government.
Along with a Gross Domestic Product of 250.00 million dollars. It is the richest region of that European nation. It also attracts almost a third of all the foreign enterprises.
Along with exports by 75.000 million dollars, Catalonia is the region with the highest sales. Madrid is the closest region with 33.000 million.
In addition, it has a 13.2 % of unemployment and that number is below the national media average.
Nevertheless, there are some specialists who warn about the new conditions of the Euro currency which will be a foreign currency in Catalonia and that would make more expensive its exportations and would decrease its competitiveness.
In spite of the independentists insist on remaining in the Euro currency, there are some economists like the French ones such as Vincent Brousseau and François Asselineau who state that it would not be possible, so they say that Catalonia would assume the Euro currency, and that is to say that it could use the Euro currency as a national one, without being part of the Euro zone as happens in the cases of Montenegro and Kosovo, respectively.
At the beginning of the XIV century, what was then the Caltalonia principality, was annexed by Aragon and a century later, that crown united the one from Castilla through the marriage of the Catholic kings, Fernando II and Isabel I which caused the unification of the current Spanish territory.
The Spanish Succession war as an important occasion of the history
The then military conflict began in 1701 due to the death of Carlos II of Spain who was the last representative of the Habsburgo House. He did not leave any descendant.
Catalonia supported the Habsburgo, but the war finished in 1713 with the Borbones´ triumph and that brought a new dynasty in that nation. It is then from that moment on that Catalonia lost its autonomy and the Spanish was imposed as an official language.
The second Spanish Republic, which was founded in 1931, started a new chapter for the Catalans the following year when the Congress approved the statute which returned a good part of the lost autonomy. However, the coup carried out by the army in 1936 started the darkest stage of the Spanish history: the Civil War. Catalonia was the main Republican bastion, but the triumph of the general, Francisco Franco in 1933, ended their autonomous hopes.
Catalonia suffered the dictatorship that controlled the destiny of Spain until the death of Francisco Franco in 1975, apart from having been eliminated all the civil and political rights by that regime that specially suppressed the Catalan culture.
According to the AFP news agency, Catalonia had an autonomous statute again in 2006 which is a supreme norm as a regional level that was approved by the Spanish parliament. The text had an important part of the autonomous demands from the Catalan leadership. However, the Partido Popular led by Mariano Rajoy, requested to be considered as an unconstitutional one.
On June 28th, 2010, the Spanish Constitutional Court considered the 14 articles as unconstitutional. The Catalans expressed then their rejection, along with the massive demonstrations in the following days.
By Ana Teresa Badía