They are literally between the sea and the land as part of the first line of coast and this is because of the mangrove swamps are a vegetable structure located in the shore zone of the tropical and subtropical coasts.
These trees and bushes often dive into the salty water when the there is a high tide and not even its roots anchored in the mud get dry when there is a low tide.
Under those extremes conditions, the vegetation have developed a series of especial adaptations there which include their salt tolerance and the especial-breathing roots in the case of the black mangrove (Avivennia germicans) until the floating plants of the red mangrove (Rhizophora mangrope.
The mangroves swamps are part of an important ecological link between the land and the sea, taking into account they are part of a kind of natural shield against the coastal erosion and the intense waves. There are diverse bird species that nest on their branches while their root system is an effective refuge for fish, crabs, shrimps and so on.
Let´s always take into account that the coasts of the nation have been threatened since early times by hurricanes. There are intense tropical hurricanes appearing from June to November each year, over the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea and they change the coasts, damage their infrastructure and devastate the crops wherever they get to land.
The nation carries out, among other actions, the local Manglar Project (Mangrope Project) in the south coast of Artemisa and Mayabeque regions and one of them is the Tarea Vida task that is a wide program aimed at facing the negative effects on the climate change and designing strategies for their mitigation, as well as increasing the local communities´determination and knowledge.
As it was pointed out in the Ecured Encyclopedia, this project directed by the local Ecology and Systematic Institute that is part of the Science, Technology and Environment Institute, along with the support of international funds and the one given by the United Nation Fund for the Development, it is a multi-sector plan that implies some institutions such as the Agriculture Ministry, the Hydraulic Resources Institute, the educational sector and the local administrative officials.
By Lucia Sanz Araujo