The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) issued its World Cybersecurity Index at the end of 2018 where Cuba was ranked 81st in the world ranking, and is thus categorized among the countries with an average level of cyber security.
Cuba managed to climb 71 seats between the last ranking and this, a fact that constitutes a step forward and international recognition of the efforts made by the country to strengthen the process of computerization of society.
"However, work continues to improve national cybersecurity and a working system is implemented with measures ranging from human capital training to the protection of all infrastructures and services," explained to Granma Miguel Gutierrez, Director General of Information Technology of the Ministry of Communications.
The system - a reflection of the political will of the country's leadership to advance in this strategic line of development, which Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel Bermudez has constantly followed - corresponds to the same areas of the index issued by the ITU and includes legal, organizational, technological, human capital formation, international cooperation and institutional communication.
With respect to the legal framework, work is being done on an existing one and another is being designed, which is about to come out; a project that should become an enabling framework for other policies, such as the case of a security decree and one for the computer applications industry, he added.
In the technical field, he added, work is being done to strengthen the telecommunications infrastructure and computerized services from the perspective of response and mitigation of vulnerabilities and cyber incidents.
In addition, work is being done on the preparation of specialized cybersecurity structures, particularly the Office of Computer Network Security, with the main objective of identifying joint actions to protect national cyberspace, said Gutiérrez Rodríguez.
The director added that work is beginning with the Ministry of Justice for the protection and privacy of personal data, because as the population interacts more and more with electronic media, the protection of the same will be more relevant.
Related to the development of capacities, work is being done on the production of computer applications and national computer services, whose fundamental strategic line is the migration to free software, given the sustainability that these technologies provide.