|Cuba Shows Achievements in the Ozone-Layer Protection
2012.09.19 - 10:33:12 / firstname.lastname@example.org / Translated by: JC Caballero
´Cuba celebrates with concrete achievements the 25 years of the Montreal Protocol given it has been the most successful international agreement and the wider recognition ever promoted by the United Nations, along with the 17th anniversary of the ozone technical office of Cuba (OTOZ).´Nelson Espinosa Pena, who is the president of the Cuban Ministry of Sciences, Technology and Environment, said.
Espinosa Pena talked on the measures carried out by Cuba to fulfil its commitments with the elimination of the ozone-depleting substances (SAO), as well as the carrying out of domestic and international projects.
´Over 50 projects that had a cost of 15 millions dollars were approved and developed, along with the more than 9000 specialists from different sectors who were trained which enables to face the challenge of depleting the aforementioned gases by using new, economics, friendly and viable alternatives with the environment and the ozone layer.´ Espinosa Pena.
´The chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) have been eliminated in the domestic refrigeration; besides, the pharmaceutical aerosols and the industrial aerosol are free from chlorofluorocarbons taking into consideration that there are not fire extinguishers that contain the halons chemical compounds, the warehouses are not fumigated with methyl bromide and the agricultural products are free from containing methyl bromide such as the cases of cigar, coffee, flowers, protected crops, tomatoes, pepper.´ Espinosa Pena pointed out.
Likewise, Espinosa Pena said to Radio Rebelde news station that the activities and actions that Cuba will be carrying out for the next 20 years are aimed at reducing the ozone-depleting substances which includes the improvement of its legislation through the elaboration, discussion and approval of the laws for fulfilling the Montreal Protocol.
Those all are the cases of the resolution number 126 of the year 2012 that establishes the new and accelerated program for the elimination of the SAO which includes the prohibition for the importation only of the chlorofluorocarbons, the halons, the methyl chloroform and the methyl bromide except for the quarantine and loading cases.
In addition, the aforementioned resolution includes the inclusion hidroclofluorocarbon substances into the local system of licenses, quotas and permissions, as well as the equipments, products and technologies that contain them and the 127 resolution of the year 2012 that establishes the elimination program for the SAO.
Special reference deserves the National plan to reduce the consumption of the HCFC (2012-2030) which has been structured into two stages according to the planes for the development of the nation and the Cubans international commitments.
Nelson Espinosa Pena, who is director of the Ozone-technical office, said to Radio Rebelde that the HCFC are substances that not only reduce the ozone layer but also cause the green effect.
´It is about chemical compounds that are highly used in the air conditioning and domestic and industrial refrigeration, hence, the progressive elimination of its importation and its use will include the search of alternative-cooling gases which do not harm the ozone layer with the introduction of new technologies and other actions.´ Nelson Espinosa Pena, concluded. By Lucía Sanz Araujo