Nowadays Latin America lives the effects of an articulated oligarchic counteroffensive. The Right tries to relive the neoliberal agenda, which in past decades generated political instability and serious social problems in the region.
The consequences of its application are well known when the so-called Washington Consensus was implemented since the 1990’s, which provoked the increase of poverty levels in most of the Latin American countries.
Certainly, today there are some setbacks in several progressive nations. Economic wars; media campaigns; interference on internal affairs; and the execution of destabilizing programs as part of the so-called Unconventional War, receive the support from external forces and the National Rights.
But also the mistakes inside those revolutionary processes have a negative impact, above all the little capacity of mobilization to counteract the imperial offensive and the weak political work with the social bases.
Let’s review the history. Let’s remember that at the beginning of the 1990’s of the 20th century while the International Left attended the collapse of the socialism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe; in Latin America the representatives of parties and social movements, promoted by the Brazilian fighter Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and the Commander Fidel Castro created a space for dialogue within the diversity, but betting on union and integration, what became the Forum of Sao Paulo, which in 1993 held its fourth meeting in Havana.
At the closing of the meeting in the Cuban capital, in the context of a complex situation for Cuba, the leader of the Revolution Fidel Castro said: "... what less can we do and what less can the Latin American Left do for creating a conscience in favor of unity, it should be inscribed on the Left’s flags. With socialism or without socialism. Those who think that socialism is a possibility and want to fight for socialism ... but even those who do not conceive socialism, even as capitalist countries, we would have no future without unity and integration”.
Some years after the Forum of Sao Paulo’s foundation, created in Brazil, in 1990, the Latin American Left arrived to the government in several countries of the region. Then the challenge of deepen the processes of change was bigger, due to the popular governments inherited a social, political and ideological structure that was not built for the people.
The Left governments that emerged in Latin America faced the challenge of deepening the change processes in order to have democracy, social welfare, national sovereignty, regional integration and build strategic development paths in each of the nations.
In the current scenario, the main battle is for the popular conscience. Peoples must understand that the single thought and the hegemonic paradigm is what is truly in crisis, as neoliberalism has a destructive character on economies and societies.
At the present time a strong counteroffensive is deployed by the Right in Latin America and the Caribbean to overthrow the progressive governments. For recovering the offensive from left-wing movements and parties, consolidation of current change processes is essential, which requires going beyond, deepening social transformations in progress.
Analysts believe that the consolidation of those processes must have a strategy aimed at building the Left’s dominance, every time in more institutional spaces that constitute the political power.
These days a fierce fight between the oligarchic and the popular forces is fought in the region in all its dimensions. It is not an easy task the great battle that the left and progressive forces of the region have before them: from one side the confrontation with the current reactionary counteroffensive and on the other, the identification and constructive eradication of its limitations and errors.
The defense of mechanisms for coordination and cooperation such us the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our Americas - People's Trade Treaty (ALBA TCP), the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) and the Community of Latin America and Caribbean States (CELAC) is an essential fact.
The Latin American Left lives a crucial time. The challenge is not easy at all. Latin America has no future without unity. Just together, the peoples from the region will achieve that the change of time very spoken by Ecuadorean President Rafael Correa, it could be really irreversible.
By Angélica Paredes