A historic event caused a widespread emotion in all the presents when in the midnight on July 26th, 1953 in the Granjita Siboney farm, just before attacking the local Moncada military Garrison in Santiago de Cuba province. It had been chosen the begining of the armed struggle against Fulgencio Batista´s coup government.
Fidel read the vibrant Manifesto which Raúl Gómez wrote by his request. The document contains the essential of the thought of a local youth then willing to change utterly the history of Cuba. The third paragraph says:
“We are already in combat on behalf of the mothers and children of our heroic land and on behalf of the honor and decorum which built its history through the magnificent verse of the national anthem: ´dying for the motherland means to live.”
José Martí´s ideas support these pages and there is an intense reference to the José Martí´s centennial and once it was finally written, it was heard Raúl´s moved voice while he was then reciting some verses of his poem entitled´ Ya estamos en Combate.´
The event transcended time and the Cubans remember it even some distant 65 years later as if it just happened. That is the strength and beautiful of it.
Raúl Gómez García was chosen to seize the Saturnino Lora hospital and it was there when he was injured and understanding that the surprise element had failed, he approached an employee who was near and asked him a piece of paper and a pen where he wrote a brief words to his mother. ´I got detained, your son.´
Wounded in combat, the combatant of the Moncada Garrison tried to help another wounded military there, but he was imprisoned, cruelly tortured and killed in response to that humanist gesture.
After that his mortal remains was shown as killed in combat. The last fourteen words written by Raúl Gómez García are not part of a philosophical reflection or poetry. Those four words which miraculously got to his mother named Virginia García a few days after and they were a dramatic and undeniable proof about the crimes carried out by the the tyranny against the survivors of that attack to the Moncada Garrison throughout that decade and against the Cuban people.
Regarded as the poet of the local Centennial delegation, it is celebrated the day of the local worker of culture sector on December 14th.
Since his adolescence, he collaborated with student and regional publications and radio stations, as well as civic meetings in order to spread the redeeming ideas which had been instilled in him by his family who was a local 19th century Mambi -rebel force descendant. He was a lovely son, a sport enthusiast, a poetry, philosophy and history lover. He was born naturally inclined to be a communicator which was something that his studies and his early practice improved. His parents Alfredo and Virginia were from Guines town even though they were then living in the capital city.
When Raúl turned eight years old, his family returned to G uines
because his father had died as a consequence of an illness. Thefore, Raúl spent his primary studies in related schools of Havana city and Guines town.
When he was aged 14, he registered at the Segunda Enseñanza Institute in Villa de Mayabeque where he highlighted as a sportman and his writing skill which is something that made him to collaborate with the then ´El Estudiantil´ newspaper where he denounced the diverse issues which were then happening and that was when he accused the then director of the center due to his inmoral attitude about selling marks and related abuses against professors, employees and also the students.
In 1947, it was imminent his expulsion from its teaching staff. His brother César achieved his transfer process for the institute in la Vibora municipality. He got there with a remarkable academic file and conluded his high school in the 1947-1948 academic course.
He registered at the University in civil law where he spent two years given he discovered that his true vocation was the pedagocy while working as a substitute teacher at the Baldor school. He studied pedagocy for two years and it was interrupted when he participated in the action against Moncada garrison.
He joined the Partido del Pueblo Cubano party (Orthodox party) where he linked to the most radical tendency of the Ortodox Youth. However, if the then authentic governments seemed to him already as outrageous, his fair anger was more intense when he got to know about the coup staged on March 10th, 1952. That made him to feel an intense anger and he wrote the manifesto entitled´ Revolution without youth´ where he denounced the power´s usurpers.
Raúl, who was linlked to the M-26-7 movement, visited often his apparment in the local O and 25 Streets where Abel and Haydee Santamaría lived. The months of July and July of the year 1953 were full of work for him. On Friday 24th, July of the year 1953. He went out from his house and said to his mother that he was not going to go back to sleep.
In contact with Abel and Haydée Santamaría was carried out, he carried out diverse clandestine activities and he edited with some comrades the then subversive newspaper entitled ´Los mismos ´ of hich its name was changed for ´El Acusador´ where he signed with the ´El Ciudadano´pen name.
On July 23rd, 1953, he wrote the Moncada Manifesto in Santiago de Cuba province which was later published, along with the previous one. He took and active part in the planning of the attack to the Moncada Garrison and he participated with the group that had as a mission to occupy the civil hospital.
The National Workers of the Culture Sector of Cuba grants the local Raúl Gómez García in his honor and it is celebrated the Day of the Worker of the Culture sector coinciding with the birthday of the revolutionary.
By Teresa Valenzuela