Pedro Miret Prieto and Fidel Castro, the historical leader of the Cuban Revolution, participated in the assault to the local Moncada Garrison on July 26th, 1953. He was incarcerated in the Isla de Pinos territory.
Pedro Miret Prieto was born on February 1927 in Santiago de Cuba city. He began his revolutionary activities since the coup carried out by the then dictator Fulgencio Batista on March 10th, 1952.
About being murdered after the historical Moncada garrison event, he was hospitalized in a military hospital where he was vaccinated air and camphor into his veins in order to kill him, However, his life was saved thanks to a captain and military doctor of the army whose last name was Tamayo who realized on that situation and used his gun to be able to take him, Abelardo Crespo and Fidel Labrador to a Civilian Hospital.
On February 12th, 1954 when the dictator Fulgencio Batista was visiting the Court to inaugurate the electric station of the prison, Pedro Miret, along with his 25 comrades, sang the July 26th March aloud.
Fulgencio Batista himself listened to its lyrics and visibly upset, he just asked who were the ones singing, then he abandoned that prison quickly. Therefore, Fidel Castro, Ramiro Valdés, Ernesto Tizol, Israel Tápanes and Agustin Díaz Cartaya, who was the creator of the fighting song, were later punished severely due to that action.
Thanks to the amnesty on May 15th, 1955, he was released, along with his comrades from that political prison.
Pedro Miret Prieto was a member of the July 26 Rebel Movement since its creation in 1955 until his departure to Mexico to take part in the preparations of the expedition of the Granma Yacht of which he was not part given he was arrested in that nation.
He began as a member of the local Rebel Army under the command of Fidel Castro in the Sierra Maestra Mountain Range in March 1958 where he was given the Commander-military rank that same year.
After the triumph of the Cuban Revolution on January 1 st, 1959, he worked as a Defense undersecretary, Minister of Agriculture, Minister of Mining, Metallurgy and Fuel. Moreover, he was a deputy to the National Assembly and a member of the Communist Party of the Central Committee of Cuba.
Pedro Miret Prieto carried out important positions within the Ministry of the Armed Forces as a first Vice Minister and he participated in the combats of Playa Girón region as the chief of the heavy artillery which caused the first defeat of the US Imperialism in Latin America.
In addition, Pedro Miret worked in different positions and was te vice oresident of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and a deputy to its creation in 1965 and 1974, respectively.
Pedro Miret Prieto was a member of the State Council since the first legislature until the sixth one and he was a vice president of that institution from 1986 to 1993,besides, he was a member of the local Polit Buro since the first Congress of the Communist Party carried out in 1975 until its fourth Congress held in 1991.
In the first Congress of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC) held in 1975, he was elected as a member of the Polit Buro and a member of the secretariat of the Party. These were positions where he worked until 1991.
Pedro Miret Prieto also held the post as a vice president of the Council of Ministers while he was in charge of the position about the development of technological innovations.
From his office at the local Central Committee, the idea about creating the movement for the recovery of the spares parts appeared. This would cause the carrying out of the National Science and Technique Forum event.
Pedro Miret Prieto was elected as a member of the secretariat of the Central Committee at the first and second Congresses due to his countless services rendered and his loyalty to the Communist Party and the Cuban Revolution. He was also granted many decorations and recognitions. Moreover, he was regarded as a founder of the Communist Party and he had the honorary recognition about hero of the Cuban Republic, including the Playa Girón decoration.
Pedro Miret Prieto died when he was 88 years old, he as a fighter of the Moncada Garrison historical event, was all his life unconditional to the Cuban Revolution and Fidel Castro.
By Teresa Valenzuela